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General information


  Ukraine is the biggest country located in Europe. Total territory of Ukraine is 603,7 thousand square kilometers.There are people who object it saying that the biggest country in Europe is Russia. And it is also true, because European part of Russia is bigger than Ukraine and any country in Europe. But Russia is located not only in Europe but also in Asia.

Geographical location of Ukraine


Ukraine is located in the Eastern part of Europe and has common borders with seven countries: Russia in the West, Belarus in the North, Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic in the East, Moldova and Romania in South East. South Ukraine is bathed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov. Over 70% of the territory of Ukraine is lowlands, 25% are occupied by highlands and 5% by mountains. Among the biggest lowlands are Podilska, Pridniprovska, Prichornomorska, Zakarpatska, Pivnichno-Crymska. The highlands of Ukraine: Podilska, Pridniprovska, Priazovska, Volynska, Donetska, Serednioruska.


Climate of Ukraine


Climate of Ukraine is middle continental and has some figures of subtropical type in Crimea. Average temperature in January varies from +4°С in the Crimea to -8°С in the Northern part of Ukraine. In July average temperature varies from +17°С at the North-West to +23°С in the South. In winter temperature may fall down to – 28 – 32 °С and in summer it may be up to +35+40°С.


The biggest rivers of Ukraine: Dnieper, Dniester, Southern Bug, Siverskiy Donets and Dunai.


Administrative division of Ukraine


Ukraine is divided into 25 regions and Autonomic Republic Crimea. Central Ukraine includes five regions: Cherkassy region, Poltava, Vinnitsa, Kirovograd and Dnepropetrovsk regions. Kiev region with Zhitomir, Chernigov and Sumy is related to the Northern Ukraine. Eight administrative regions form Western Ukraine: Zakarpattya, Lviv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ternopil, Chernovtsy, Khmelnitskiy, Volyn and Rivne (both more often are called North-Western regions). South Ukraine is formed by Odessa, Nikolaev, Kherson regions and Autonomic Republic of Crimea. Eastern regions of Ukraine are Lugansk, Donetsk, Zaporozhye and Kharkov regions. The proposed division cannot be final and should be considered as one of the possible variants. Because these or those regions sometimes related to another part of Ukraine by some geographical, cultural or economical causes.


Political system of Ukraine


Ukraine is a republic under a mixed semi-parliamentary semi-presidential system with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches. According to the Constitution of Ukraine the President of Ukraine is the head of the country. He is guarantor of sovereignty, territorial integrity, execution  of Constitution, observance and protection of human and citizens'  rights and freedoms. The President is elected by popular vote for a five-year term and is the formal head of state.
Ukraine's legislative branch includes the 450-seat unicameral parliament, the Verkhovna Rada. The parliament is primarily responsible for the formation of the executive branch and the Cabinet of Ministers, which is headed by the Prime Minister. However, the President still retains the authority to nominate the Ministers of the Foreign Affairs and of Defense for parliamentary approval, as well as the power to appoint the Prosecutor General and the head of the Security Service.
The Supreme Court is the main body in the system of courts of general jurisdiction. Local self-government is officially guaranteed. Local councils and city mayors are popularly elected and exercise control over local budgets.



Population of Ukraine


Population of Ukraine for the beginning of the year 2014 is about 45,4 million of people. Eastern regions are much more populated than western. Ukraine is the fifth country in Europe by population. The biggest cities of Ukraine are Kiev (the capital), Donetsk, Lviv, Odessa, Kharkov. People of Ukraine can be characterized as very hospitable, kind and hardworking.
History of Ukraine is very rich and heroic. In all times Ukrainian people was struggling for its independence from other countries. Before the year 1991 Ukraine was a part of former Soviet Union. Today Ukraine is Independent country well known all over the world first of all for its sportsmen.


Sightseeing of Ukraine


Sightseeing of Ukraine Old castles, beautiful churches, wonderful cities, numerous monuments and historical places all this attract to Ukraine huge number of tourists all over the world. A lot of natural wonders are located at the territory of Ukraine. Every year many people from all over the world travel to Ukraine. And each of them can say that he has found for himself something unique in this wonderful country. If you have ever traveled to Ukraine you will never forget its beauty. Blue sky and endless steppes, green great forests, Carpathian Mountains covered with snow, Kiev hills with golden cupolas of churches, beautiful cities, numerous sightseeing all this is Ukraine.


Source: Ukraine Online Travel Guide

 


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Last Updated on Sunday, 02 February 2014 19:20